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Notes on terms and concepts used on the Global AgeWatch website and the Insights report

Pension coverage

This indicator measures the existence and coverage of the pension system in a country and is what is commonly known as "beneficiaries coverage rate". This indicator is defined as the proportion of people above statutory pensionable age receiving a pension.

Life expectancy at 60

This indicator measures how many years a person aged 60 can expect to live.
The average number of years that a person aged 60 can expect to live, if they pass through life exposed to the sex- and age-specific death rates prevailing at the time they are aged 60, for a specific year, in a given country.

Healthy life expectancy at 60

Healthy life expectancy at 60 measures how many years a person of 60 can expect to live in good physical health. The average number of years that a person aged 60 can expect to live in "full health" by taking into account years lived in less than full health due to disease and/or injury.

National health plans and ageing

The indicator shows whether national health plans explicitly mention older men and women and their right to health. This information provides insight into a country's health system's response to population ageing. The information was collected through a desk-based review of latest openly available national health plans. Information was gathered from websites of national health ministries and the World Health Organization’s Country Planning Cycle Database.

Methods of evidence gathering included keyword searches of terms such as elderly, older, NCDs, palliative, ageing, affordability, accessibility, violence, abuse, care, home, geriatrics, and reviewing topics covered by national plans, including NCDs, long-term care and palliative care.

Years lived with disability

Years of life lived with any short or long-term health loss. Years lived with disability are calculated by multiplying the prevalence of a disorder by the short or long-term loss of health associated with that disability.

Causes of death

Causes of mortality are all those diseases which either resulted in or contributed to death, and the circumstances of the accident or violence that produced any such injuries.

Major depressive disorders

People who experience persistent feelings of sadness and worthlessness and a lack of desire to engage in formerly pleasurable activities.

Self-harm mortality

Mortality due to self-harm and suicide.

Alzheimer’s and other dementias

Conditions in which people experience a decline in memory or other thinking skills severe enough to reduce their ability to perform everyday activities.

Physical, sexual and psychological violence

Prevalence of physical, sexual, or psychological violence within the previous 12 months.

UHC Index 2015

The UHC Index measures coverage of essential health services, defined as the average coverage of essential services based on tracer interventions that include reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health, infectious diseases, non-communicable diseases and service capacity and access, among the general and most disadvantaged populations. It is presented on a scale of 0 to 100. The median national value for service coverage is 65 out of 100.

Financial protection

Incidence of catastrophic health expenditure. Expressed as a percentage of the population with a household expenditure on health greater than 10 per cent of the total household expenditure or income.

Long-term care and support

Long-term care and support refers to the activities undertaken by others to ensure that people with, or at risk, of a significant loss of intrinsic capacity can maintain a level of functional ability consistent with their basic rights, fundamental freedoms and human dignity. Older people have the right to care and support services for independent living. These should be adapted to their individual needs, promote their wellbeing and maintain their autonomy and independence, without discrimination of any kind.

Activities of daily living

Activities of daily living are basic activities that are necessary for independent living, including eating, bathing and ability to go to the toilet.